Eating disorders refer to a group of ailments that interfere or cause changes in a person’s normal eating patterns. These disorders are not only confined to gastrointestinal system, rather is linked with mental well-being. The cause of it is multi-factorial. One can largely blame it to be the standards of an ‘ideal’ body shape or image set by the society. In an urge to get the perfect beach body, many people happen to suffer from these eating disorders. The most common ones listed below are- Binge-eating disorder, Anorexia nervosa, and bulimia nervosa.
BINGE-EATING DISORDER: When we say ‘disorder’ we clearly mean that it is no more just the usual ‘Netflix and binge-eat’ habit. People with this disorder have voyaged the limits and now eat as a compulsion. It usually affects teens but may also be seen in young adults. All these patterns puts the person at a higher risk of obesity predisposing them to a number of cardiovascular diseases and even diabetes. More and more teenagers across the world today are falling prey to binge eating. Therefore, inculcating proper eating habits right from childhood is of utmost importance. What are the symptoms? 1.Eating enormous amount of foods in a relatively less time. 2. Unable to achieve a feeling of satiety from the food eaten inspite of increased calorie intake. 3. Increased feeling of distress and restlessness when denied food.
ANOREXIA NERVOSA: This arises primarily due to a false perception of one’s own body image. Typically a person suffering from this disorder sees himself to be overweight. There they undertake all kinds of methods to lose weight. This can be life threatening as people often become underweight by practicing severe calorie restrictions and yet aim at weight loss. Commonly seen in adolescents and young adults. It is more common in females than males. Their quest to attain a normal body weight never ends. These people often require medical help and rigorous counselling. What are the symptoms? 1. Severe calorie restriction 2. Compulsive behavior regarding losing weight. 3. Ignoring hunger and starving. 4. Intentional vomiting as an effort to expel out the eaten food. 5. Severe dehydration
BULIMIA NERVOSA: This disorder includes alternate phases of binging and purging. A person gulps excessive food as seen in binge-eating disorders and then makes a voluntary effort to undo it by vomiting or using laxatives. It is often seen that disappointment in other sectors of life causes one to binge. But people with bulimia nervosa make conscious efforts to purge unlike in binge-eating disorder. One might miss out the diagnosis to be bulimia nervosa as these people are usually having a normal or over weight unlike people having anorexia nervosa who are underweight. Seen in adolescents and young adults. Common symptoms include: 1.Binge-eating 2.Setting unrealistic goals regarding weight. 3. Compulsive behavior and distress which is reflected even on other major life areas. 4. Purging activities like vomiting and using laxatives, excessive exercising. 5. Dehydration.